Periodontal disease affects the gums, bone and other supporting tissues of the teeth.
Periodontal (gum) diseases in the simplest form – gingivitis – is often a reaction to the build up of plaque on teeth. The earliest sign of gum disease is bleeding. Gums may also look red or woollen. Good mouth hygiene can often cure gum disease, by brushing twice a day and using floss and a medicated mouthwash, as advised by your dentist or therapist.
If not tackled early, the disease may progress so that the tissue holding teeth in place starts to break down, and if not treated can result in teeth becoming loose.
Scaling and polishing by a dentist or therapist can help keep the mouth clean. In more severe cases of gum disease, it may be necessary for the dentist or therapist to clean below the gumline – very occasionally surgery may be required to treat the affected areas. If allowed to progress too far, gum disease may result in the removal of the tooth.
Good mouth hygience, quitting smoking and eating a health diet can all help to resist gum diseases. Your dentist or therapist will be happy to discuss ways you can avoid the problems of periodontal diseases.
If you have any questions about periodontal or would like to book an appointment please contact one of our receptionists.
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